Common Skin Conditions in PetsBy Morgan | March 6, 2020
As the summer months come to a close and we begin to enter the colder months of the year, we thought we would recap some of the more common appointments we’ve had over the summer period.
The change in the weather can create a lot of health issues for pets, particularly around allergies. Over the summer, we noticed an increase in skin conditions during our consultations. So we thought we’d share with you the top 5 skin conditions in dogs and cats so that you’re aware of them should your pet begin to suffer from any of them.
1. Flea Allergy Dermatitis
When a flea bites your pet they inject their saliva into the bloodstream that has an anti-coagulant to stop any clotting. Most of the time your pet won’t be affected by this saliva at all. Some pet’s, however, will have an allergic reaction to the saliva.
2. Atopic Dermatitis
This is an environmental allergy. Your dog can develop this from an array of environmental factors. Could be a plant in your back yard, dust mites under your stairs or even mould spores you are unaware of. It results in itching, typically starting in the armpits and groin and if left untreated can result in secondary skin infections.
3. Food Allergy Dermatitis
Just like humans, dogs can be allergic to specific foods too – and just like humans, they can be allergic to a vast range of different foods.
This is caused by two different types of mites, Demodex or Scabies. Demodex is the more common mite in dogs. They are typically present on all dogs without causing any problem. However, should their population get too large your dog will begin to lose hair and you will notice skin damage. Leaving untreated can result in secondary infections in the skin.
5. Hot Spots
These can begin through a number of causes including a flea bite or a small wound. The problem is worsened through constant licking and scratching of the area which creates a “hot spot” that can lead to further infection if not treated promptly.
This is a fungal infection that is very common in cats. It’s more difficult to see in cats than in people and symptoms may include scaly skin, and round, thickened patches of skin with hair loss.
2. Environmental Allergies
Just as dogs can have allergies to things in their environments, cats are no different. Can be caused by a number of allergens and diagnosis is usually a process of elimination.
3. Food Allergies
The most common allergens for cats is beef, seafood and dairy but can be any number of food items.
4. Feline Acne
You read that right. Cats can get acne. Unlike humans, however, it’s not just the teenagers that suffer from it. Cats of all ages and sizes can be affected by acne. It can cause itching and hair loss in the affected regions but is easily treated.
Cats that are allowed outdoors or have contact with animals that are have a risk of getting fleas. The bites of fleas are itchy so you may see your cat scratching or gnawing at itself. Some cats may also have an allergic reaction to the saliva of a flea that can lead to Flea Allergic Dermatitis.
A lot of these may seem really simple and like they’re not much to worry about. However, leaving any of these untreated is seriously compromising your pet’s health and lead to conditions that are far more severe and will cost a lot more to treat. If you notice any of these symptoms book a home vet through Vets on Call to come and treat your home in the comfort of their own home.